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May 21, 2007
Answer sheet for Final Exam review packet

Georgia Studies Final Examination – Study Guide

1. parallels
2. meridians
3. relationships
4. South Carolina
5. climate describes the weather conditions over a period of time, weather is the temperature for a specific period of time
6. an estuary is the area around a river’s mouth where fresh and salt water mix; an aquifer is water-saturated layers of earth below the surface.
7. learn from the past
8. a primary source is a first hand source like a diary, journal, newspaper – a secondary source is from someone who is writing about an event in history, but wasn’t present for the event
9. Asia – across the Bering Strait
10. migration is movement from place to place – within a region, or continent; immigration is moving from one country to another following specific procedures for entering and leaving a country.
11. they determine the amount of carbon 14 in the remains and be examining its context
12. sherds are broken pieces of pottery, fossils are remains from animals, and artifacts are remains from human beings (like pottery)
13. site
14. this was the period when European nations began looking for their own direct route to the Far East
15. to serve as a buffer between the South Carolina colony and the French, Native Americans, and Spanish
16. Spain
17. most likely John Cabot
18. a trade policy designed to increase a country’s wealth
19. the drinking river water made colonists sick, also the heat, humidity, and insects
20. Britain and France
21. by relaxing their restrictions on slavery
22. the Pacific Ocean
23. charity, economics, and defense – also religion
24. they could not hold public office in Georgia
25. Anglican
26. upcountry or backcountry
27. agrarian economy – farming
28. they felt they needed slave labor to grow and harvest rice (later cotton)
29. plantation owners and merchants
30. Scots argued against slavery because they felt colonists wouldn’t work as hard if they had slaves
31. the trade route used by American merchants that involved the trading of rum, slaves, sugar and molasses – between England, Africa, The Caribbean, and The New World
32. tobacco, rice, and indigo
33. passing new tax laws on the colonists
34. Georgia had grown and prospered under royal governor Sir James Wright and many Georgians had become wealthy from trade with Great Britain
35. life, liberty and property
36. Rules and Regulations
37. bicameral legislature and three branches of government
38. July 4, 1776
39. boycotting British goods
40. the legislative branch
41. consent of the governed
42. give it away
43. stay in the center of the state’s population
44. 1790
45. many cotton-producing towns were far from navigable rivers
46. the head of each family got 100 acres of land plus 50 acres for each of his family members
47. Indian trails
48. the national government took over the Yazoo lands, paid over $1 million to Georgia, and agreed to remove all Indians from Georgia
49. New Echota
50. they wanted their land – and hopes of finding gold
51. Oklahoma
52. the removal of the Native Americans (primarily the Cherokees) from their land in North Georgia to Oklahoma
53. Sequoyah
54. antebellum
55. cotton and slavery
56. top: planters and bottom: slaves (field slaves)
57. slavery, tariffs (also the ideas of sectionalism, secession, solvency, and style)
58. abolitionist
59. totally destroy any of Georgia’s resources (especially any that might prove beneficial to fighting in the war) – railroads and supplies for the Confederate army
60. Andersonville is in south Georgia, and it housed Union soldiers.
61. Rule by “divine right” means monarchs (kings) claimed their authority to rule came from God. In past centuries, European living under a government ruled by a king had no control over the government. In the US, the people govern the country.
62. The prime reason for government to exist in the US is because people have to live with other human beings
63. A group of people organized to manage conflict and establish behavior
64. Informal rules
65. Formal rules
66. An example is paying taxes
67. Of the people and of the law
68. Constitution
69. Getting more than ½ of the total votes in an election is called a majority; getting the most votes in an election, but still not getting over ½ of the votes is considered plurality
70. Self-government works because Americans meet their citizenship obligations voluntarily
71. A written constitution
72. It was too weak
73. Constitution
74. Preamble
75. Separation of Powers and Federalism for the framers plan for a national government: the branches are legislative – makes the laws, executive – enforces the laws, and judicial – interprets the law. Members of the legislative branch: senators – serve 6 year terms and 2 per state, and House of Rep. – 2 year terms and # based on population; president/vice-president – 4 year terms; supreme court justices – for life with good behavior
76. Executive
77. Government based on the will of the people
78. Getting a 2/3 majority vote
79. Federalism – citizens must answer to two governments at the same time
80. Federal and state
81. Elastic clause
82. Federal law
83. 2/3 vote of each house in Congress and ¾ of the states must ratify the amendment for it to become effective
84. federal
85. the Great Depression
86. supreme court justices – federal judges
87. 1
st ten amendments to the Constitution
88. 18
89. when voters elect officials to make political decisions for them, they are participating in the American form of democracy known as representative democracy. When voters are allowed to make decisions themselves through voting, it is known as direct democracy.
90. The top officials at the national, state, and local levels are elected; appointed officials are selected from another official (such as a Supreme Court Justice is appointed by the President)
91. Local
92. When citizens vote for representatives at the national, state, and local levels of gov,. they are voting in a general election. When voters are voting on a particular issue, this is a special election. When voters are voting to voting to break a tie, this is a run-off election
93. Monday in November in even-numbered years
94. A referendum is a vote by the public on some question or issue instead of going through their representatives; a direct vote is an election in which a party’s candidates for public office are nominated by direct vote of the people
95. When candidates run for public office and are associated with a specific political party, it is known as partisan election; non-partisan is when a candidate is not associated by a specific political party
96. In Georgia, if no candidate wins a majority of the votes in the primary and a run-off election is needed, the voters can vote for any candidate of either party
97. The legislators
98. Because the population shifts and changes – and the districts are re-drawn every 10 years
99. 40 days per year

100.All slaves in the Confederate States were freed
101. The period of time following the Civil War – rebuilding of the South
102. codes that took away political and civil rights of former slaves
103. a court case where the US Supreme Court ruled if equal facilities were provided for both races, then they could be legally separated
104. segregation (especially in schools) that happens in fact although not required by law
105. a tax paid by people in order to participate in an election (at one time some Georgia males had to pay a yearly tax of $1 to vote)
106. laws that prohibited any child under the age of 10 from working in a factory
107. to take away the right to vote
108. stores run by and for farmers to provide farm supplies at a low cost
109. farming, mining, and textile workers enjoying prosperity during the 1920’s
110. he called it “the war to end all wars”
111. dictators
112. air attacks to boom rather than invade the island of Great Britain
113. Germany, Japan, and Italy were axis nations; the Allied nations were Russia, Great Britain, and England – later joined by the United States
114. he was elected to the presidency in the wake of the Great Depression and was elected to four terms as president, dying before the conclusion of WWII. He was responsible for the social reform program known as the New Deal.
115. Harry S. Truman – this forced Japan to surrender, ending WWII
116. to find jobs (and to try to get away form racism)
117. Soviet Union
118. issue of Berlin – the spread of communism
119. cheap labor and low taxes

120. Soviet-backed North Korea invaded South Korea
121. Urban area
122. Civil rights are the protections and privileges given to all citizens by federal and state constitutions and laws
123. Omitted question
124. Civil rights are the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the bill of rights
125. Montgomery bus boycott
126. The act that outlawed racial discrimination in buying, selling, renting, and leasing of real estate was the Fair Housing Act
127. It ended segregation of schools
128. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC
129. Women, Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics and the handicapped
130. White and black agitators from the North
131. America’s involvement in the Vietnam War
132. The Vietnam War
133. Democratic
134. The period before written records were kept
135. Plymouth Colony
136. King George II of England
137. The person who pushed for the settlement of Georgia in order to help with the economic situation in England
138. The Indian chief who allowed the English to settle in Savannah
139. Slavery
140. Rice and silk-Georgia’s early settlers established an agrarian economy
141. Is a laborer under contract to work for an employer for a specific amount of time
142. Those who supported the King of England at the time of the Revolutionary War
143. Those that opposed the policies of the British in Georgia
144. A citizen army with little to no formal training
145. A formal approval of a document or act
146. The counting of citizens every ten years to determine representation in Congress
147. Tax on imports
148. The belief that the states should have more power than the central government-putting the interests of a particular part of the country above those of the nation
149. A famous “conductor” on the Underground Railroad
150. A loose gathering of sovereign states where the states have more power that the central government
151. Cut off supplies to the Confederacy during the Civil War
152. A Northerner who advantage of the South’s misfortune after the Civil War; Southerners who helped carpetbaggers were know as scalawags
153. A well known Georgia poet
154. To forgive or pardon a large group of people
155. A change or addition to a document
156. Unicameral-one house legislature; bicameral-two house legislature (House of Representatives and Senate)
157. To refuse to use or buy something as a protest
158. Having exclusive rights to act or conduct business without competition
159. Schools that Yeoman farmers sent their children (verses academies where Planters sent their children to school)
160. Rebuild-specifically the period of rebuilding in the South after the Civil War
161. Money and resources
162. Laws that required separate schools for white and black children
163. Changing Georgia economically
164. To be given the right to vote
165. Working on farms
166. Founded Tuskegee Institute and felt that blacks should accept their status for the time being and forget about social equality and political action and that blacks should learn a skill, become self-sufficient and that rights would come
167. Was an outspoken, controversial black leader, helped form the Niagara Movement and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and sought equality for blacks
168. Able to make affordable automobiles by using the assembly line
169. The assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary
170. The South’s first radio station-“Welcome South Brother”
171. In the 1930’s
172. Making the first successful air craft flight in North Carolina
173. A major league baseball player from Georgia
174. A major league baseball player who hit over 755 homerooms
175. First president elected from Georgia
176. Coming together of the races
177. Someone who does not believe in war
178. A strong feeling for one’s nation and its culture
179. The political philosophy where one believes that government should own major services and the means of production
180. Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New York, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New Hampshire, Connecticut
181. It gave President Johnson the authority to resist North Vietnamese aggression by any means necessary
182. Thomas W. Cobb

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